What is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. It usually follows a course of remissions and exacerbations. Distinctly demarcated ‘plaques’ which can be either pink or grey in color with overlying silver-like scaly skin is the most frequently occurring type of psoriasis. Deficiencies in cell regeneration cause these plaques. The plaques due to psoriasis present the risk of developing localized Hyperpigmentation. Psoriasis symptoms can be felt at any age, however, the symptoms become more prominent during adulthood, or during old age.
What causes Psoriasis?
- Genetics- Psoriasis may be caused by inherited genes and can be passed down from parents to children.
- Infections- Psoriatic symptoms can be developed due to infections. Bacteria, such as Streptococci, are common pathogens linked to Guttate Psoriasis.
- HIV- The virus might not directly cause Psoriasis, but can certainly increase the risk of developing severe Psoriasis, if the person already has Psoriasis.
- Stress- Psychological stress can trigger Psoriasis symptoms and can even make the condition worse.
- Medications- Lithium, antimalarials and beta-blockers are known to have a negative effect on Psoriasis. Oral corticosteroids can be the cause of severe rebound symptoms, and can trigger erythroderma or pustular Psoriasis.
What are symptoms of Psoriasis?
Psoriatic lesions are different from usual dry skin condition also known as Xerosis. Typical psoriasis lesions are classified as erythrosquamous. They involve both blood vessels and deeper epidermal skin layers.
Demarcated, pink or grey plaques associated with Psoriasis can be caused due to inflammatory reactions in the deeper dermis and upper epidermis. An elevated turnover rate of keratinocytes, shortened skin cell growth cycle and an altered desquamation process can also give birth to Psoriasis symptoms.
What are different types of Psoriasis?
Type 1- Plaque Psoriasis or Psoriasis vulgaris- This is the most common form of Psoriasis. About 80% of Psoriasis cases involve plaque Psoriasis. The symptoms of plaque Psoriasis include red-colored, raised and inflamed lesions. A layer of silver or white scaly skin forms a cover around such lesions. Knees, elbows, scalp or lower back are most affected by plaque Psoriasis.
Type 2- Guttate Psoriasis- This is characterised by ‘guttate lesions’. It causes small red-colored spots to appear on the body or limbs. Guttate lesions are usually not as elevated as plaque Psoriasis lesions. Guttate Psoriasis symptoms can suddenly appear during childhood or the early years of adulthood.
Type 3- Inverse Psoriasis- The lesions due to inverse Psoriasis are bright-red spots formed due to sweating and irritation due to friction. These lesions are smooth and shiny. Inverse Psoriasis lesions are usually found in skin folds in areas such as the groin or under the breasts or buttocks. Sweating and irritation due to friction Tender areas like the armpits are also susceptible to inverse Psoriasis.
Type 4- Pustular Psoriasis- It predominately affects the adults, and is characterised by non-infectious white blisters of pus. Pustular Psoriasis blisters can be localised or widespread with reddened skin around them.
Type 5- Erythrodermic Psoriasis- Due to its inflammatory nature erythrodermic Psoriasis commonly affects the majority of the body’s surface. The symptoms of erythrodermic Psoriasis include skin redness and scales formation which can cause severe pain and discomfort.
How to Treat Psoriasis with Topical Urea Gel
Moisturizing products and emollients containing urea, such as Moisturizing Bare Urea Gel are beneficial in treating the symptoms of Psoriasis during intermediate or remission phases. Bare Urea gel has the ability to easily penetrate the stratum corneum. Bare Urea gel is an emollient that softens rough scaly and itchy skin. In the field of podiatric medicine, urea is known to treat fissures, eczema, plaque psoriasis, and keratosis. Bare Urea gel act a humectant that is hydrophilic to promote healthy skin and improve barrier function. It can also be used to treat premature skin aging and associated dryness.
Urea is the most commonly used keratolytic agent, and is effective in reducing the scales of psoriatic plaques. Bare Urea Gel containing Salicylic acid is a great topical keratolytic emollient. It makes the stratum corneum more supple and reduce superficial scales. During the initial keratotic phase of Psoriasis, the keratolytic properties of Bare Urea Gel with Salicylic acid proves to be most beneficial for the treatment of extremely thick or scaly psoriatic plaques. Salicylic acid like other keratolytic products acts as a peel to smooth and debride dry skin. This greatly helps to treat dehydrated, viral, and aging flaky conditions of the skin.
Moisturizing Bare Urea Gel works by generating an occlusive film to bind water in the skin. It therefore reduces the amount of water-loss from evaporation from the skin. This allows the surface skin layer, or stratum corneum, to become adequately hydrated. Bare Urea Gel formulation offers an oil-free hydration in both hot and cold months. Other therapeutic ingredients of Bare Urea Gel include tea tree oil, aloe vera, and green tea.
Topical treatment using Bare Urea Gel can improve efficacy of any systemic drug therapy. The anti-inflammatory properties reduce the rate of plaque formation and associated irritation. Bare Urea Gel can be used for Psoriasis on the face, genitals, or areas that require stretching or flexing. A regular skincare routine and moisturising the skin with a urea rich product such as Bare Urea Gel can help provide relief during flare-up or remission of Psoriasis and make skin smooth and healthy. Dr. Marc A. Brenner, a podiatry specialist and renowned national and international lecturer as well as consultant to major institutions in the areas of podiatric dermatology and diabetic foot management recommends Bare Moisturizing Urea Gel to treat Psoriasis and other dry skin conditions.